The Boxer was developed in Germany in the 19th century. The Boxer's
ancestors were two German mastiff type dogs, the Bullenbeiszer and
the Barenbeiszer. They were later crossed with the powerful ancestors
of the Mastiff and Bulldog. Early Boxers were used for dog fighting,
bull baiting, cart pulling, cattle dogs, to round up livestock and
to catch and pin wild boar and bison until hunters could arrive.
They later became popular theatre and circus dogs. The first Boxer
studbook was started in 1904. Up until then the dogs varied widely
in looks and size. The Boxer is known for the way it uses its front
legs to bat at its opponent, appearing to be boxing with the front
paws, most likely giving the dog its name. Some of the Boxer's talents
are watchdog, guarding, police work, military work, search &
rescue, competitive obedience, and performing tricks.
The Boxer's body is compact and powerful. The head is in proportion
with the body. The muzzle is short and blunt with a distinct stop.
The nose is large and black with very open nostrils. The jaw has
an under bite. The eyes are dark brown. The ears are set high, either
cropped or kept natural. When cropped they are trained to stand
up on the head, tapering to a point. When left natural the ears
are thin, falling forward, laying close to the head. The neck should
be round, strong, and muscular, a without dewlap. The muscular,
front legs are straight and parallel when viewed from the front.
The back legs are well muscled. The tail is set high and used to
be docked. Dewclaws are usually removed. The short, smooth, close-fitting
coat comes in, fawn, brindle, tan, mahogany, black often with white
markings. Boxers also come in a white coat that cannot be registered
with some clubs.
The Boxer is happy, high-spirited, playful, curious and energetic.
Highly intelligent, eager and quick to learn. The Boxer is a good
dog for competitive obedience. Constantly on the move, bonding very
closely with the family. Loyal and affectionate, Boxers are known
for the way they get along so well with children. A well brought-up
Boxer and one introduced to other animals from a young age will
also get along with his own kind and other household pets. Farm
animals and smaller pets may be too tempting, however, they can
be taught to, "leave it" but it is still not recommended
they be left alone with them. It has been said that the name Boxer
came from the way the Boxer likes to use is front paws for just
If you have ever watched a Boxer go about his business you may
have noticed the way he paws at his toys, food bowl and you for
that matter, in a very playful cat-like way. While participating
the sport of schutzhund, Boxers are known to jump up and use their
front paws as if they are boxing. They are very clownish and playful.
The Boxer's nature is to protect you, your family, and your home.
Known visitors will be welcomed. They are always keen to work and
play. Boxers need to know that their master is the alpha pack leader.
Teach the Boxer not to be boisterous and especially not to bound
up to people with a risk to knocking them over. This breed is noted
for courage and is good a guard dog. Boxers have a wide use in military
and police work. An excellent watchdog, the Boxer will restrain
an intruder in the same way as a Bulldog does. They are extremely
athletic, sometimes even in their old age.
This dog needs to go on several walks a day with the rest of his
pack. Daily mental and physical exercise is paramount. Without it,
the Boxer will become high strung. This breed requires a proper
pack leader. Training should start young and be firm and consistent.
The objective in training this dog is to be looked on as the alpha
dog who is in charge. When people live with dogs we become their
pack. The entire pack cooperates under a single leader. Lines are
clearly defined. You and all other humans MUST be higher up in the
order than the dog. That is the only way your relationship can be
Meek Boxer owners will find their dogs to become stubborn. If they
do not believe that you are the leader they will be sneaky, demanding,
boisterous and hard to control. Teach the Boxer dominating another
dog is not acceptable. Any signs of dominance needs to be immediately
corrected by the owners in a calm, but firm, confident way.
Height: Dogs 56-63 cm. Bitches 53-61 cm
Weight: Dog 27-32 kg. Bitches 24-29 kg
Some major concerns are cardiomyopathy and other heart problems,
sub-aortic stenosis, and thyroid. Can be prone to skin and other
allergies. Sometimes prone to epilepsy and hip dysplasia. From age
eight on they are more likely to get tumours than other breeds.
These dogs may drool and snore. May have excessive flatulence, especially
when fed something other than their own dog food. Some white Boxers
are prone to deafness.
Boxers will do okay in a flat or small dwelling if sufficiently
exercised. They are fairly active indoors and do best with at least
an average-sized garden. Boxers are temperature sensitive, getting
easily over heated and chilling very quickly.
An active, athletic breed, Boxers need daily work or exercise,
and at least two long walks a day. They also enjoy fetching a ball
or other sessions of play.
About 11-14 years
2 - 10 puppies - Average 6
The Boxer's smooth, short-haired coat is easy to groom. Brush with
a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary, for it removes
the natural oils from the skin. Some Boxers try and keep themselves
clean, grooming themselves like a cat. This breed moults.